If you’re a woman of childbearing age, at some point, you may have an ovarian cyst. They can develop during your menstrual cycle and usually disappear on their own. Sometimes, though, cysts can signal health problems. Javier E. Fajardo, MD, FACOG with For Women, Ltd. in Chicago has treated many women who have ovarian cysts. Call or book an appointment online today if you suspect you have a cyst.
An ovarian cyst is a small, balloon-like sac with or without fluid that can appear on an ovary. Ovarian cysts are very common during your childbearing years. Most are functional cysts, which can develop during a menstrual cycle; these usually disappear in a few months.
Other types of cysts can develop, though.
If you have a large cyst or cysts and they persist for more than a few months, they may cause discomfort, a feeling of fullness, or even pain. You should see the doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms.
Dr. Fajardo might order an ultrasound, which shows the shape, size, and material in a cyst. The ultrasound helps determine if further action is necessary. Cysts can rupture or become cancerous. If this is the case, they need to be removed through a surgical procedure called an ovarian cystectomy.
Dr. Fajardo performs laparoscopic surgery to remove ovarian cysts while you’re under general anesthesia. He’ll make a couple of tiny incisions at your navel and on the side of your abdomen where the cyst is located, along with an incision above your pubic bone.
He removes the cyst from your body in a small bag; this prevents any fluid or material from escaping into your uterus. The lab then tests the cyst to determine if it’s benign.
A laparoscopy is a minor surgical procedure to help diagnose pelvic pain and also to identify issues that could be affecting fertility. It’s also used to determine the effectiveness of cancer treatment.
The procedure allows Dr. Fajardo to see the entire abdominal cavity clearly, which can help produce a definitive diagnosis of what is causing pain or other symptoms that could not be diagnosed through other methods.
During a laparoscopy, while you’re under general anesthesia, Dr. Fajardo makes a small incision just under your navel and inserts a small tube filled with carbon dioxide gas. This inflates your abdominal cavity and enables him to view the cavity.
Then Dr. Fajardo places the laparoscope, which has a camera, through the incision. The camera allows Dr. Fajardo to see what’s in your abdominal cavity on a computer screen. If needed, he performs a biopsy.
Call or book an appointment online with Dr. Fajardo to schedule regular checkups that help ensure your reproductive health.